Urinary Calculi and Pregnancy

Suggested Readings
Hendricks SK, Russ SO, Krieger JN: An algorithm for diagnosis and therapy of mangement and complications of urolithiasis during pregnancy. Surg Gynec Obstet 172: 49-54, 1991.

Colombo PA, Pittino R, Pascalino MC, et al: Control of uterine contraction with tocolytic agents. Ann Obstet Gynecol Med Perinatal 102:431-440, 1981.

Broaddus SB, Catalano PM, Leadbetter GW Jr, et al: Cessation of premature labor following removal of distal ureteral calculus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 143:846-848, 1982.

Loughlin KR, Bailey RB Jr: Internal ureteral stents for conservative management of ureteral calculi during pregnancy. New Eng J Med 315:1647-1649, 1986.

Gluck CD, Benson CB, Bundy AL, et al: Ultrasonic guidance of placement of ureteral stents in pregnancy. J Endourol 5:241-243, 1991.

Jarrard DJ, Gerber GS, Lyon ES: Management of acute ureteral obstruction in pregnancy utilizing ultrasound-guided placement of ureteral stents. Urol 42:263-268, 1993.

Harvey EB, Boice JD, Honeyman M, et al: Prenatal x-ray exposure and childhood cancer in twins. NEJM 312:541-545, 1985.

MacMahon B: Prenatal x-ray exposure and childhood cancer. JNCI 28:1173-1191, 1962.

Mole RH: Antenatal irradiation and childhood cancer: Causation or coincidence? Br J Cancer 30:199-208, 1974.

Laing F, Benson CB, Frates M, et al: Sonographic detection of distal ureteral calculi by vaginal sonography. Presented at the Radiologic Society of North America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, November, 1993.

Platt JF: Duplex Doppler evaluation of native kidney dysfunction: Obstructive and non-obstructive disease. Am J Roentgenol 158:1035-1042, 1992.

Hertzberg BS, Carrol BA, Bowie JD, et al: Doppler US assessment of maternal kidneys: Analysis of intrarenal resistivity idexes in normal pregnancy and physiologic pelvicaliectasis. Radiology 186:689-692, 1993.

Jarrard DJ, Gerber GS, Lyon ES: Management of acute ureteral obstruction in pregnancy utilizing ultrasound-guided placement of ureteral stents. Urology 42:263-268, 1993.

Wolf MC, Hollander JB, Salisz JA, et al: A new technique for ureteral stent placement during pregnancy using endoluminal ultrasound. Surg Gynecol Obstet 175:575-576, 1992.

Rittenberg MH, Bagley DH: Ureteroscopic diagnosis and treatment of urinary calculi during pregnancy. Urology 32:427-428, 1988.

Scarpa RM, DeLisa A, Usai E: Diagnosis and treatment of ureteral calculi during pregnancy with rigid ureteroscopes. J Urol 155:875-877, 1996.

Smith DP, Graham JB, Prystowsky JB, et al: The effects of ultrasound-guided shock waves during early pregnancy in Sprague-Dawley rats. J Urol 145:257A, 1991.

Loughln KR: Management of urologic problems during pregnancy. Urology 44:159-169, 1994.

 

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